What Type of Pump is Best for Irrigation: A Comprehensive Guide

Posted by angroup on April 13, 2023

If you're looking to irrigate your farmland, garden or lawn, you'll need to choose the right type of pump to ensure you get the best results. Choosing the wrong pump could lead to inefficient use of water, higher energy costs, and a waste of your resources. In this article, we'll explore the different types of pumps available and help you make an informed decision about which one is best for your needs.

Understanding the Basics of Irrigation Pumps

An irrigation pump is a device that's used to move water from a source to the area that needs to be irrigated. Pumps are used to ensure that water is moved at the right flow rate and pressure to irrigate crops, gardens, and lawns effectively. They can also be used to transport water to storage tanks, which can be used for irrigation later.

Types of Irrigation Pumps

Centrifugal Pumps

Centrifugal pumps are the most commonly used type of pump for irrigation. They work by converting rotational energy from an electric motor into kinetic energy in the fluid being pumped. This kinetic energy then converts to pressure energy as the fluid leaves the impeller, producing the flow of water.

centrifugal irrigation pump

Submersible Pumps

Submersible pumps are designed to be submerged in the water source, often used in wells or boreholes. They work by pushing water to the surface through a pipe. Submersible pumps are best suited for deep wells or where there is a low water table.


Turbine Pumps

Turbine pumps are used when high flow rates are required, and the water source is relatively shallow. They use a vertical turbine to pump water, and they're often used in agricultural irrigation systems.

Jet Pumps

Jet pumps work by creating suction to draw water from a well or other source. They are best suited for shallow wells or low-water tables. Jet pumps come in two types: shallow well jet pumps and deep well jet pumps.

Piston Pumps

Piston pumps are typically used for high-pressure irrigation systems, where the water source is relatively shallow. They use a piston to create pressure and force water out of the pump.

Factors to Consider When Choosing an Irrigation Pump

When choosing an irrigation pump, there are several factors you need to consider:

Flow Rate
The flow rate is the amount of water the pump can move in a given amount of time. The flow rate you need will depend on the size of the area you need to irrigate, as well as the type of crop you're growing.

Head Pressure
Head pressure is the pressure required to move water from the water source to the area being irrigated. The head pressure you need will depend on the distance the water needs to travel and the height it needs to be lifted.

The distance between the water source and the irrigation system affects the type of pump you need.

Type of Water Source
The type of water source you have will also impact the type of pump you need. For example, if you're using a well as your water source, you'll need a submersible pump. If you're using a pond, you may be able to use a centrifugal pump

Power Supply
The power supply you have available will also impact the type of pump you can use. For example, if you have access to a three-phase power supply, you can use a larger pump that will provide more flow and pressure.

The cost of the pump is also an important consideration. While it may be tempting to go for a cheaper option, you need to ensure that the pump you choose is capable of meeting your needs. You also need to consider the long-term costs, including maintenance and repairs.

The type of pump you choose will also impact the amount of maintenance it requires. For example, submersible pumps require less maintenance than centrifugal pumps, but they can be more difficult to repair if something goes wrong.

Choosing the right irrigation pump is essential to ensure that your crops, garden, or lawn receives the proper amount of water to thrive. Consider the factors outlined in this article to determine which type of pump is best for your needs.

In general, centrifugal pumps are best suited for low to medium flow rates and low-pressure applications, while submersible pumps are best suited for deep wells or low water tables. Jet pumps are ideal for shallow wells or low-water tables.

Consider your irrigation system's flow rate, pressure, distance, type of water, power source, and budget when choosing a pump. By taking these factors into account and consulting with a professional, you can select the right pump type for your specific irrigation needs.

Do you need assistance choosing the best irrigation pumps for your application?
Contact us at anpump5@angroupcn.com or +86 15032857866; our technical sales engineers have extensive product knowledge and will be able to assist you.

Here are a few of the pumps made by An Pump Machinery, a reputable manufacturer of irrigation pumps.

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